Breast carcinomas, protection against breast cancer
Breast carcinomas. They are the most common type of cancer. Common sites of carcinomas are the skin, the mouth, the lung, the breasts, the stomach, the colon and the uterus. Tumor is any mass or lump that is due to a multiplication or increase of the cells that compose it. When a tumor is malignant, it has the capacity of invasion and of producing metastasis to places distant from the primary tumor.
Types of breast cancer are classified as:
Ductal carcinoma in situ originates in the cells of the walls of the breast ducts. It is a very localized cancer that has not spread to other areas or metastasize. For this reason, mammary carcinomas this ‘pre-malignant’ disease can be easily removed. The cure rate is around 100%. This type of tumor can be detected through a mammogram. Once detected, it is important to have one mammogram per year and clinical tests to monitor the development of the cancer.
The infiltrating (or invasive) ductal carcinoma begins in the mammary duct, crosses it and passes to the tissue of the breast. In addition it can then spread to other parts of the body. It is the most frequent of mammary carcinomas, occurs in 80% of cases. The characteristic of cancer is to multiply uncontrollably and independent of the tissue where it began. The spread of cancer to other organs in the body through the lymphatic system is called metastasis.
Women over the age of 40 should have a mammogram once a year. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast, with them doctors can detect signs of breast cancer in its early stages. Mammograms can show tumors long before they are sized for you or your doctor to see.