In these illustrations of Head and Neck Disorders, we can see various images related to disorders in this area of the human body. Some of the main areas covered in this region include the eyes, nose, mouth, ears, larynx, and pharynx. In the oral cavity, the mouth, teeth, tongue, and other structures related to digestion and communication are found. The sensory organs of vision and hearing are present respectively. As for the throat, it comprises the pharynx and larynx, which are involved in swallowing and speech.
Diseases and conditions affecting the head and neck can be diverse, encompassing dental disorders, hearing problems, throat diseases, neurological disorders, and various medical and surgical conditions. Medical care in this region often involves professionals such as dentists, otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, and maxillofacial surgeons, among others, depending on the nature of the problem.
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These Illustrations of Head and Neck Disorders discuss illustrations related to vision loss. It is undoubtedly one of the most worrisome symptoms. Loss of central vision usually indicates a problem in the retina. The most common disease of this symptom is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Illustrations can be seen on this page. This alteration usually appears around the age of 60 and is manifested by the appearance of a spot in the center of the visual field. Wet macular degeneration can be treated with laser surgery, photodynamic therapy, and injections into the eye. None of these treatments cure this disease and vision loss can progress even when treatment is received.
Similarly, people around 40-45 years of age show blurred near vision, which is often indicative of eyestrain (presbyopia). Blurred vision at different distances may also indicate the presence of diseases of the anterior eye. Blurred vision may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as sensitivity to light (photophobia) and yellowish vision. In most cases, people come to the office because of a loss of vision when performing daily activities that require some precision.
Alterations of the ear.
We can see in Head and Neck Disorders, illustrations that deal with hearing disabilities. Hearing disorders encompass a variety of conditions that impact hearing ability. Hearing loss, resulting from genetic factors, exposure to loud noises, infections, or aging, is common. Middle ear problems, such as otitis media, can cause hearing difficulties, especially in children.
Early diagnosis, proper treatment, and the use of hearing technology, such as hearing aids and cochlear implants, are essential to improve quality of life. These measures are crucial not only to address hearing loss but also to prevent and manage problems related to balance and overall hearing health.
In Head and Neck Disorders, we will see Dental and Gum illustrations. They are illustrations that we will be able to see on this page. There are many problems related to the teeth. These can occur throughout life, depending on the characteristics of each person. The type of diet, whether or not you smoke, genetic determinants, and how you develop your oral hygiene.
In these illustrations, we can see dental caries. These are bacterial infections that attack and destroy tooth enamel. If not treated early, it will continue to deepen in the tooth, affecting other parts and tissues such as dentin, dental pulp, and nerve. In its final stage, it can cause painful inflammation and destroy the tooth.
Gingivitis is another illustration that we will see on this page. It is an inflammation of the gums that causes redness, sensitivity and even bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is one of the most common oral diseases, with a high incidence in the adult population. It is a reversible disease, but it can lead to periodontitis if not treated correctly. In the most advanced stage of this disease, suppuration dental mobility and even tooth loss may appear.
Pharynx and larynx alterations.
Also in Head and Neck Disorders, we will see that the pharynx and larynx comprise a variety of conditions that affect the respiratory and vocal systems. Among them, pharyngitis, inflammation of the pharynx, and laryngitis, inflammation of the larynx, are common and often linked to viral or bacterial infections. These disorders can cause discomfort when swallowing, voice changes, and persistent cough. In more severe cases, such as laryngeal cancer, more severe symptoms may be observed and require specialized medical interventions. Accurate diagnosis and proper treatment are essential to address these disorders and preserve airway and vocal health. Prevention, including healthy lifestyle habits and avoidance of risk factors, plays a crucial role in pharyngeal and laryngeal care.