Bone Alterations and Fractures.
In this section Bone Alterations and Fractures, we will see illustrations related to osteoarthritis and the deterioration of articular cartilage. Joints are structures that connect two or more bones and allow the body to move. When these joints experience alterations, problems can arise in the functioning and mobility of the individual. Joint disorders can include chronic inflammation, such as arthritis, which causes pain and stiffness, or injury to the ligaments and tendons surrounding the joint.
On the other hand, bone fractures occur when a bone breaks due to trauma or excessive stress. They can range in severity from small, simple fractures to complex fractures that require surgery to correct. Fractures can cause severe pain, swelling, and limited mobility, and often require cast immobilization or surgery to facilitate healing.
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Arthrosis or the deterioration of articular cartilage.
In this section Bone Alterations and Fractures, we will see that osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints. It is characterized by the deterioration of articular cartilage, the tissue that lines and cushions the joints, leading to pain, inflammation, and limited mobility. Although osteoarthritis can affect any joint, it is most common in the knees, hips, hands, and spine.
The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not always clear, but factors such as aging and obesity are known to increase the risk. As cartilage wears away, bones can rub against each other, which causes pain and can result in the formation of bone spurs. In summary, osteoarthritis is a common and painful disease that affects joints due to cartilage deterioration.
On the other hand, in Bone Alterations and Fractures, we can see that bone fractures are injuries in which a bone breaks due to an external force, such as an impact or excessive stress. These injuries are common in automobile accidents, falls, sports, and other traumatic situations. Fractures can be classified into several types, including closed fractures (no skin puncture) and open fractures (where the bone is exposed through a wound in the skin).
The healing process of a bone fracture usually involves the formation of a blood clot in the affected area, followed by the generation of a bony callus that joins the fractured parts. Recovery time may vary depending on the location and severity of the fracture.