Illustrations Alterations of neoplasms. In this section we will see illustrations related to these diseases, we will see how abnormal cells multiply without control and can invade nearby tissues. Neoplasms can be benign when they spread only locally and malignant when they behave aggressively, compress nearby tissues, and spread distantly. Outwardly its appearance is like a mass or tumor. The cells that makeup neoplasms are clonal, that is, they descend from a single parent cell. Cells from malignant neoplasms can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are several types of malignant neoplasms. Carcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma. Malignant neoplasm and cancer are two expressions with the same meaning.
In Alterations of neoplasms, we will see that one of the causes that cause the appearance of skin cancer is prolonged exposure to the sun and in some cases, genetic factors. Solar radiation is the most important factor since ultraviolet rays can damage the DNA of cells, but skin cancers have a genetic cause and a family history of skin neoplasms.
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Types of skin cancer, melanoma, and carcinoma: Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm. It is the most aggressive skin tumor and with the worst prognosis of all. Melanoma originates from the skin surface, specifically melanocytes, the cells that give the skin its dark color. In most cases, it appears in people who have had significant sun exposure. Melanoma in the initial stages when it does not infiltrate the skin has an excellent cure prognosis. When it grows in depth the cure options are complicated. It can quickly spread to other areas of the body where it is already very difficult to treat and metastasize.
Basal Cell Carcinoma: It begins in the deepest layer of the skin, it very rarely metastasizes and a correct surgery eliminates the disease. Squamous Cell Carcinoma: It begins in the outermost layer and is detected mainly in the parts of the body most exposed to the sun. They do not normally spread to other organs, although they can grow and invade nearby tissues.
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer. Although renal cell carcinoma usually grows as a single tumor within the kidney, sometimes two or more tumors are found in one or even both kidneys at the same time. Cancer is caused by changes in the DNA inside our cells. It is not yet clear what risk factors cause kidney cells to become cancerous.