In Genitourinary System Alterations, we will see illustrations related to the urinary and genital organs. The urinary tract includes the organ system responsible for cleaning and filtering fluids and waste materials from the blood. The urinary system consists of the following: Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, Urethra, The kidneys also function as glands that produce hormones necessary for the production of red blood cells and regulation of blood pressure.
In these illustrations we will see the human urinary system. This is a set of organs responsible for the storage and expulsion of urine. Creatinine, uric acid and other toxic substances are eliminated through the urine. The urine formed in the kidneys is transported by the ureters to the urinary bladder. It is stored until it comes out through the urethra, during the urination process. The basic unit of filtration is called a nephron.
We will also see in Genitourinary System Alterations, illustrations related to kidney stones. The stone in the kidney. They refer to the formation of a piece of solid material. These are composed of phosphate salts, calcium or uric carbonates, within the kidney. A small stone can pass without causing symptoms. If a stone grows larger than 5 millimeters, it can cause a blockage of the ureter. This will cause severe pain in the lower back or abdomen. A stone can also cause blood in the urine, vomiting, or painful urination.